Mon, 31st May '04, 11:08pm
Well since I don't live in europe most of it is foreing to me. Because I live in this brand new continent, not even 700 years old. Anyway I know that in 1789 France got ride of their monarchy (During the reing of Louis 16 I think?). My history teacher told me that after Nappoleon defeat and that the countries he had conquered are again free. Most of then regain their Monarchy but what about France?
Second does anybody of you know a website about the major history of Europe during Medieaval and Renaissance? Because I am certainly lacking such information.
Tue, 1st Jun '04, 12:46am
As for the site, I can only suggest you come up with some good google keywords or search through Wikipedia (http://www.en.wikipedia.org).
As for France after Napolean's defeat:
After his first defeat in 1814, Napolean was deported onto the island of Elba and Bourbons were reinstated in France. Comte de Provence, the brother of Louis XVI, became king as Louis XVIII (Louis XVII was Louis XVI's son who died).
In 1815, Napolean escaped from Elba and with 700 men went on regaining his power. He took over Paris and the rule of France and managed to hold for 100 days until the Waterloo defeat.
This time, he got deported onto the island of St Helen where he remained until he died in 1821. In 1840 his remnants were moved to France.
Louis XVIII ruled until 1824 when he died. He was succeeded by his brother (the last surviving son of Louis XV), Comte d'Artois, who reigned as Charles X until he was forced to abdicate in 1830 as a result of the July revolution. He died in 1836.
The last king was Louis-Philippe of the Bourbon-Orleans line and "reigned" (he was a constitutional monarch of the French, not of France) 1830-1848. He also had to abdicate and survived two years in exile until he died in 1850. Though he abdicated in favour of his grandson, the Second Republic was installed. Prince Louis Napelean Bonaparte became the president and, in 1852, the Emperor Napolean III. Ruled until 1871.
They offered the throne of France to Comte de Chambord, the last surviving heir of the main line of the Bourbons. However, he refused to accept republican flag (the Tricolore), preferring to have the white flag of the Bourbons. So they made the Third republic and wanted it to last until Comte de Chambord would die and then Comte de Paris of the Bourbon-Orleans line would become the King, and he would accept republican traditions (the Bourbon-Orleans line has a tradition of doing this, since even Louis-Philippe, before he took over from the main line of the Bourbons, voted for the death of King Louis XVI).
However, the Third Republic lasted and there has been no King ever since. Eisenhower wanted France to become a monarchy after Petain's regime had fallen, but it didn't happen.
Now, there's no heir to the main line in male line, so most people who would like to see a King support the current Comte de Paris as the rightful heir. However, the main line has some heirs in female line and they also have supporters.
You know, they even sue each other in the Republic's courts, so it looks quite funny ;)